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Breast Reconstruction

All the human body organs have a definite shape and structure, be it male or female. Each body part has a defined size, shape, and length. Everyone wishes to have and maintain a perfect shape, colour, weight of the body. One such body part admired by all females are breasts. Most females are very particular to have well-shaped breasts, which enhances their self-image.

What Is Breast Reconstruction?

Breast reconstruction is a surgical intervention that can restore the shape of your breast. If you are going for a breast reconstruction surgery means that you have already gone through something very traumatic – maybe a mastectomy (to treat cancer or to prevent the possibility of breast cancer) or had an unfortunate injury or any other reason

Breast reconstruction surgery is about rebuilding breasts in women, generally inclusive of an areola and a nipple. Typically, a plastic surgeon creates a breast shape using biochemical substances(breast implants), or your tissue that is taken from another place in your body.

Types Of Breast Reconstruction

There are many different breast reconstruction techniques available. A Plastic surgeon can help you out with the best reconstruction procedure that is right for you.

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The primary breast reconstruction techniques include:

  • Implant Reconstruction – Breast reconstruction using implants
  • Autologous or “flap” reconstruction – Breast reconstruction using your tissue
  • Breast reconstruction using a combination of tissue from your body and an implant

Breast Reconstruction Using Implants

Implant breast reconstruction is a process of restoring your breast’s shape and volume with the help of breast implants. A breast implant looks like a round or teardrop-shaped silicone shell filled with saline(saltwater) or silicone gel. Breast implants are embedded either behind or in front of your chest muscle (pectoral muscle).

Types of Breast Implants Used

Eventually, breast implants’ choice is up to the individual based on the aesthetic goals and personal preference. They could choose any of the following:-

  • Saline breast implants; that is filled with sterile salt water.
  • Silicone breast implants; that is filled with silicone gel.
  • Gummy bear breast implants
  • Round breast implants
  • Smooth breast implants
  • Textured breast implants

However, silicone breast implants and Saline breast implants are the most widely used implants in breast reconstruction. Some famous Plastic Surgeons say that both saline and silicone breast implants might last for 10 to 20 years.

Autologous or “Fap” Reconstruction

In this procedure, a tissue called a “flap” is extracted from your body parts like belly, thigh, or back and transplanted into your breast. Breast reconstruction using tissue is famous because it lasts forever. Also, they give a more natural look because tissue cells on your belly, buttocks, and thighs are very much similar to the breast tissue, which makes an ideal substitute.

The Flap Reconstruction also differentiated into different types based on the tissue extracted from your body.

Flap reconstruction procedure using tissue taken from your abdomen (belly or tummy):

  • DIEP(deep inferior epigastric perforators) flap reconstruction
  • SIEA(superficial inferior epigastric artery) flap reconstruction
  • TRAM(transverse rectus abdominis) flap reconstruction

Flap reconstruction using the tissue taken from your back is called the Latissimus Dorsi Flap Reconstruction.

Flap reconstruction using the tissue taken from your hip/buttocks:

  • IGAP(Inferior Gluteal Artery Perforator Flap) flap reconstruction
  • SGAP Flap/Hip Flap

Flap reconstruction using the tissue taken from your thighs:

  • PAP(Profunda Artery Perforator) flap reconstruction
  • The transverse upper gracilis (TUG) flap reconstruction

Hybrid flap reconstruction using the tissue taken from the abdomen/hips:

  • Body Lift Perforator Flap
  • Stacked DIEP Flap
  • Stacked/”Hybrid” GAP Flap

Autologous breast reconstruction using the fat tissue taken from the abdomen, buttocks, or thighs by liposuction which is called Fat Grafting

Who is an Ideal Candidate for Breast Reconstruction

Here are some of the factors that indicate whether you are a suitable candidate for breast reconstruction:
Health – Apart from your cancer treatment, you should relatively have good health to bear the reconstruction process well.
Weight – Although, weight does not rule out a woman to have breast reconstruction; women with a BMI < 30 tend to get the ideal results.
Smoking – Consumption of Nicotine affects the ability of the body’s healing capacity and may be at risk of additional problems associated with anaesthesia. Women who want to undergo breast reconstruction need to stop smoking before surgery and several months after surgery.
Medications – Specific medications raise the risk of bleeding during and after surgery. A plastic surgeon will suggest you stop the medicines.

Benefits of Breast Reconstruction

  • Added Volume and Curves
  • Naturally Asymmetrical Breasts
  • The shape of breasts doesn’t alter with ageing
  • Restore your breasts after a mastectomy
  • Increases your self-confidence
  • More youthful feeling

Although breast reconstruction surgery can build breasts, it’s essential to know that they will not have any sensations in them in case of breast reconstruction using implants. You may not feel touch, pain, or pleasure in your breasts or nipples. But in case of breast reconstruction using a flap tissue, the sensory feeling might retain. To know more detailed information, consult our best plastic surgeons in Hyderabad.