A face transplant is a skin graft that involves replacing a part or entire face of a patient’s, with a donor’s face. A face transplant is a complicated procedure which is usually done for people who are trauma victims. The patients of facial trauma rarely die of facial injuries but can die due to injuries of the central nervous system.
A complete trauma evaluation of the patient’s facial injury is done through a CT scan (computed tomography) to rule out any head/ skull injuries. A widely accepted method of evaluating neurological injuries is the Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), which evaluates the motor, verbal and eye-opening responses of the patient.
The donor’s blood group and nerves are then matched with the patient’s facial structure and then transplanted to the patient.