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What are the different types of reconstruction?

Reconstructive surgery is a medical procedure in which congenital disabilities, and defects caused by disease or injuries are fixed. Reconstructive surgeries are performed on almost any part of the body to correct physical or functional deformities. At the outset, one might wonder what the difference between reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery is? The former is done for medical reasons. Some common examples are cleft lip and palate repair and breast reconstructions. Hyderabad Plastic Surgeons are highly experienced in all forms of reconstructive surgery, and in this blog, we will give a comprehensive list of all our services.

Different Types of Reconstruction Surgeries

Hand Procedures Reconstructions

  • Dupuytren’s Disease
  • Fractures/ Dislocations
  • Finger Injuries
  • Hand transplant
  • Hand Tumours
  • Hand Abnormalities
  • Post Cancer Reconstruction
  • Re-Implantation of Limps
  • Re-Implantation
  • Tendon Transfer

Foot Procedures Reconstructions

  • Fractures/ Dislocations
  • Foot & Ankle Reconstruction
  • Tendon Injuries/Transfers
  • Tendon & Muscle Reconstruction
  • Foot Drop
  • Diabetic Foot

Face Procedure Reconstructions

  • Congenital Defect
  • Soft Tissue Injuries
  • Maxillofacial Bone injuries
  • Reconstruction – Lip, cheeks, Nose
  • Eyes & Eyelids
  • Facial Nerve Palsy
  • Defects Corrections
  • Face Transplant
  • Cleft Lip & Palate

Tendon & Muscle Reconstruction

Cancer reconstruction surgeries

After cancer treatments, patients may see scars, defects, or deformities caused by the disease or surgical procedures. Reconstructive surgeons might adopt any of the below techniques based on the condition:- 

  • Skin resurfacing
  • Muscle flaps
  • Bone or tendon grafts
  • Artificial implants
  • Transplant bone or tissue to restore an area that was removed. 

Oncoplastic Breast Conservation Surgery

Oncoplastic breast conservation surgery is the most sought-after reconstructive procedure. Breast implants are used to give the breasts a natural look and feel. 

Implants are round or teardrop-shaped silicone shells filled with saline water or silicone gel. These implants are embedded either behind or in front of the chest muscle. Though there are various breast implants like gummy bears, round, smooth and textured implants, silicone and saline breast implants are the most popular ones.

Facial reconstruction

Facial deformities result from cancer, paralysis, accidents, burns, or at-birth disabilities. Face reconstructive procedures are mainly done for:

Lip: For lip reconstruction, the soft tissue of the cheeks is transplanted. In some cases, silicone implants are also used when lip enhancement surgeries for a more aesthetically pleasing look.

Cheek: The cheeks being the largest surface area of the face and are the frame for the central facial units, it is often subjected to trauma. The most common cheek surgeries are Primary Closure, Skin Grafts, Local Flaps, Tissue Expansion and Microsurgical Reconstruction. Microsurgical reconstruction opts when correction involves multiple tissue layers, mainly in the cases of Facial burns, gangrene and radiation therapy.

Nose: Nasal reconstruction is one of the most popular surgeries done for aesthetic purposes. Once limited to celebrities, nowadays, it has become quite common. 

Foot and Ankle Reconstruction

These reconstructive surgeries are best suited to correct bone spurs, nerve compression, hammer toe, and plantar fasciitis. In addition, it relieves the patient from pain and structural deformities.

Tendon and muscle reconstruction

These surgeries help stitch together the divided tendons and muscles. These are a solution to wrist drop and foot drop of both upper and lower limbs. 

Wrist/Foot drop – The radial nerve that carries the brain’s signals to the wrist gets damaged due to a wound or a cut. In such cases, the person cannot extend their wrist and has a lumpy appearance. This is common in people who overuse their hands and wrists, i.e. those who lift heavy weights or in sports.

What Is A Congenital Defect?

A congenital defect refers to conditions present since birth. They alter the structure and functionality of the affected body parts. There are varied causes, the most common being hereditary or other developmental issues. The most common congenital defects fixed via reconstructive surgery are Clubfoot, Spina Bifida, Cleft Palate, Cleft Lip, and Underdeveloped hands. The long list of congenital defects corrected by Hyderabad Plastic Surgeons are:-

  • Facial clefts
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • Cleft hand
  • Ear malformations
  • Maxillofacial dysplasia
  • Duplicated thumbs
  • Spina Bifida
  • Jaw deformities
  • Congenital breast reconstruction
  • Birthmarks, such as hemangiomas
  • Syndactyly
  • Amelia
  • Anophthalmia
  • Acrosyndactyly
  • Brachydactyly
  • Congenital blepharophimosis
  • Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis
  • Congenital proximal radioulnar synostosis
  • Constriction ring syndrome
  • Craniofacial congenital disabilities
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Cryptotia
  • Hypospadias
  • Macrostomia
  • Microphthalmia
  • Microtia
  • Mobius syndrome
  • Oligodactyly
  • Orbital dysplasia
  • Phocomelia
  • Poland syndrome
  • Polysyndactyly
  • Tuberous breast deformity
  • Ulnar Longitudinal Deficiency
  • Vascular malformations and vascular anomalies
  • Symphalangism
  • Synostosis
  • Radial club hand

Various reasons to choose the Hyderabad Plastic Surgeons team for Reconstruction Surgeries in Hyderabad?

  • Renowned plastic surgery clinic in Hyderabad
  • 10+ years of experience in performing foot and ankle reconstruction surgery
  • 1300+ successful foot surgeries
  • World-class treatment facilities
  • Specializes in performing different plastic surgeries
  • Cutting edge technologies
  • 100% certified cosmetic products
  • 100% effective and long-lasting results
  • High-end customer satisfaction
  • Wound care after the treatment

Reach us today to avail of our world-class services at +91 7675808080, or visit us at